Was Galileo Galilei the victim of a dogmatic Roman Catholic Church? Prevailing thought is that Galileo was unjustly persecuted. However, there are those who strongly believe that the Church was quite justified in its actions. In 1992, the Edict of Inquisition against Galileo was lifted. Does the trial of Galileo in 1633 and the events leading up to the trial need to be revisited? What are the challenges that confront one when looking at a controversial episode from the past? What are the important questions that need to be asked when looking at the conflict between religion and science? What does the Galileo Case have to say about scientific consensus?