Sephardic Jews is a general term referring to the descendants of Jewish settlers, originally from the Near East, who lived in the Iberian Peninsula until 1492. Accordingly, the term Sephardic Jew refers to Jews who follow Sephardic Halakha. The term essentially means 'Spanish.' It comes from Sepharad, a Biblical location. This location is disputed, but "Sepharad" was identified by later Jews as the Iberian Peninsula, and still means 'Spain' in modern Hebrew. The use of Y-DNA testing will be explored in the origins of this ancient civilization.