The Moors were the medieval Muslim inhabitants of Morocco, western Algeria, Western Sahara, Mauritania, the Iberian Peninsula, Septimania, Sicily and Malta. The Moors called their Iberian territory Al-Andalus, an area comprising Gibraltar, much of what is now Spain and Portugal, and part of France. The religious difference of the Moorish Muslims led to a centuries-long conflict with the Christian kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula called the Reconquista. The Fall of Granada in 1492 saw the end of the Muslim presence in Iberia. The term ""Moors"" has also been used in Europe in a broader sense to refer to the Medieval and early modern Europeans applied the name to the Berbers, North African Arabs, and Muslim Iberians. The Andalusian Moors of the late Medieval era inhabited the Iberian Peninsula after the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in the early 8th century. The Moors' rule stretched at times as far as modern-day Mauritania, West African countries, and the Senegal River. In the languages of Europe, a number of associated ethnic groups have been historically designated as ""Moors"". In modern Iberia, the term is applied to people of Moroccan ethnicity. ""Moor"" is sometimes colloquially applied to any person from North Africa, but some people consider this usage of the term pejorative, especially its Spanish version ""moro"".The connection between certain New Mexican families and the Moors will be explored. A short film that will trace the history of these people will be shown. We will also discuss which families show the markers that are most identified with this ancient civilization.