Since 2015, hate crimes and hate groups in the U.S. have increased by about 30%. “Hate crime” may be defined as a traditional offense, such as murder, arson, or vandalism, which manifests evidence of prejudice based on race, gender or gender identity, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity. Some hate crimes, such as mass shootings fueled by white supremacist ideology, are considered domestic terrorism. “Hate groups” have beliefs or practices that attack or malign an entire class of people, typically for their immutable characteristics. New Mexico has had relatively few hate crimes and hate groups, and currently no hate groups. We will examine the nature and causes of hate crimes; hate group missions and activities; and associated controversies, such as hate speech as freedom of speech.