In Part I, Henry VII and his forces met Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field where Richard III was killed. Henry VII claimed the throne through “right of conquest.” He could not know that he would be the last English king to do so. What he did know was that his establishment of the Tudor Dynasty was questionable given his bloodlines. The only way to secure his tenuous claim was to produce sons. His first son Arthur died and his second Henry VIII married Arthur’s espoused wife in a controversy that would lead to the establishment of the Church of England with Henry VIII as its supreme head.