During the beginning of the last millennium BCE, the Phoenicians began establishing colonies around the Mediterranean to compete with Greek trade. The most important Phoenician colony was founded in Tunis, North Africa, named Carthage around 800 BCE. True to their Phoenician heritage, the Carthaginians became great seafarers, traders, and colonizers. Carthaginian settlements spread across the North African coast, into western Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, Minorca, and much of Spain, as well as the Portuguese Atlantic coast. Carthage was a maritime power, with only a relatively small landowning class to provide military land power. This, however, did not matter as long as Carthage continued to be wealthy. Its coffers paid for mercenaries in abundance when the city needed to go to war. And it is this wealth, mastery of trade and expansion along the Mediterranean coast towards Italy that brings Carthage into direct confrontation with the newly rising power of Rome. The connection between certain New Mexican families and the Carthaginians will be explored. A short film that will trace the history of these people will be shown. We will also discuss which families show the markers that are most identified with this ancient civilization.