The myth of the Amazons has lingered for centuries, but proof of their existence had always been lacking. Now, a 2,500-year-old mystery may have been solved by a chance discovery in Russia. After unearthing evidence of a culture of ancient warrior women in the Russian steppes, we will examine their connection to the Amazon legend. In addition, a short film will be shown that traces the history of the Amazons and there possible legacy on modern populations. We will also discuss which DNA markers are most identified with this ancient culture.