This talk will examine the complexity of the Victorian society as depicted in the arts it produced. Even with the dreadful stuffiness that characterizes it, the period was an intellectual roller coaster. It is a period that fused romantism with modern realism. It birthed the topsy turvy works of Gilbert and Sullivan, and the dark crimes of Jack the Ripper. Harsh living conditions and a strong puritanical social class system existed, creating such phenomena as growing prostitution, pornography, and wife sales, and child labor. At the same time in created organizations trying to improve the situation, and a great deal of self-mockery, like the cartoons of Max Beerbohm. The Victorian age was characterized by rapid scientific advance, like Darwin’s Origin of the Species, and the increase in mechanism. This scientific growth triggered changing attitudes in culture, religion, and all the arts. The names of the innovators in every field still hold sway today: Dickens, and Wilde, Turner, the Pre-Raphaelites, Leighton and Whistler, Tennyson and Browning.