The resilience and longevity of the US Constitution across the centuries is unprecedented but it also hides an important fact. Despite the persistence of one Constitution there have been at least 3 distinct types of republic. This class will investigate both the form and dynamics of these regime changes. It will identify how underlying economic and political forces that defined each era. More specifically the class will address the following: 1789-1865: The Slaveholder's Republic; 1865-1932: The Robber Baron Republic; 1932-2008: The Middle Class Republic; and, 2008- present and beyond: The Universal Republic.