Horticulture (gardening) is described as art and a science. This is an accurate description, it requires practice and skill as an art, but the application of Plant Science/Botany to the practice of gardening can increase success and enjoyment for the gardener. Taxonomy, proper plant classification and naming; Morphology, the study of plant form; Anatomy, the microscopic nature of plants; Physiology, the functioning of plants; Reproduction and Breeding of plants are all important aspects of gardening. This knowledge can enhance the gardener’s understanding of problems and their ability to find solutions whether they are growing flowers, vegetables, or fruit. Ultimately success and greater enjoyment result from increased knowledge of the science that underlies and supports gardening.